West Bank Temples
The west bank is… full of temples and tombs.
The west side of the Nile was the side of sunset or the end of life, of death and tombs, and of funeral temples to the deceased.
QUEEN HAPSHEPSUT’S TEMPLE
Queen Hapshepsut ruled as regent when the next pharoah was too young to take power. She liked the job so much, she sent him off to the remote countryside and proclaimed herself pharoah instead; often in statues and carvings she depicted herself as manly (or at least ambiguous) to help strengthen her claim on the title. When she finally died, the real heir claimed his throne and tried to erase all memory of her. In her temple are reliefs celebrating Hapshepsut’s trade and exploration expedition down the coast of Africa. In many places her name or likeness have been chiseled off by her sucessor.
TEMPLE OF RAMSES III
The carvings on the temple emphasize the foreign victories of Ramses III – they show him gripping the hair of many captives at once to smite them boldly, and underneath a long carved row of foreign rulers with Assyrian and other foreign features and beards, hands tied behind them, the royal status of his captives obvious by their names in cartouches.
VILLAGE OF THE WORKERS
The remains of the village where the tradesmen lived who built the tombs for Valley of the Kings. The temple beside the village ws turned into a coptic monastery during the early Christian era.